Chronic Kidney Disease & Hypertension
More than 50% percent of people suffering from CKD, also have hypertension. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is both a common cause of high blood pressure and also a complication of uncontrolled high blood pressure. It’s a complex relationship.In this article we take a look at both these health conditions, how they’re related, & their treatment & prevention.
What Is Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease means the kidneys have been damaged by conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure or glomerulonephritis. As a result, the kidneys aren’t able to perform their functions leading to multiple other complications in the body.
What is High Blood Pressure or Hypertension?
Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the walls of your arteries & veins as your heart pumps blood around your body. If this pressure becomes too high, you are said to have high blood pressure, or hypertension.
Symptoms Of CKD
Sometimes people with CKD may not feel ill or notice any symptoms at all. Although some of the signs may include;
Swollen legs & feet
Muscle cramping at night
Loss of appetite
Fatigue & weakness
Puffiness around the eyes, especially in the morning
Too much, or no urination
Dry, itchy skin
Symptoms Of Hypertension
Nearly 1/3rd of people who have hypertension don't know about it. It doesn't show any symptoms unless it’s extremely high. Some of these symptoms include;
Treatment And Prevention
If a person is diagnosed with both CKD & Hypertension, the main goals of the treatment plan would be to keep the blood pressure under control, protection against a heart disease & preventing any further damage to the kidneys. Along with medication, the individual would be introduced to several diet and lifestyle changes too like;