List of Vaccine Preventable Diseases


HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus. It is a common sexually transmitted infection. Some types of HPV infection cause warts, and some can cause different types of cancer including cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis and anus, and some head and neck cancers.

HepatitisB

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Hepatitis B is a vaccine preventable liver infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) that's spread through blood and body fluids. It is a serious disease that symptoms your liver to become inflamed. For some people, hepatitis B is a short-term illness, but for others, it can become a long-term, chronic infection. Untreated chronic hepatitis B can later develop into serious health problems.

Measles

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Measles is a vaccine preventable, viral disease that affects the respiratory tract and can sometimes lead to serious complications like blindness, miscarriage, brain damage and death. It is so contagious that if one person has it, 90% of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected.

Influenza

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Influenza, or flu, is an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract. It is much more dangerous than a common cold. Symptoms of flu tend to be more severe and last for longer. Its complications can lead to hospitalizations and may even cause death

Diphtheria

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Diphtheria is a highly contagious and potentially fatal infection. Symptoms include a sore throat and breathing problems. It can lead to difficulty in breathing, heart failure, paralysis and even death. Diphtheria can affect people of all ages but can be prevented with vaccination.

Pertussis

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Also known as Whooping Cough, Pertussis is a respiratory infection that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing which often makes it hard for the patient to breathe. It is highly contagious - an infected person can spread the disease to 15 others

Meningococcal diseases

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Meningococcal disease refers to any illness caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. These illnesses are often severe and can be deadly. They include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia).

HepatitisA

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Hepatitis A is a vaccine preventable, highly contagious liver infection caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV). It affects the liver and usually causes mild illness, but can sometimes be severe and result in liver failure. Adults are more likely to have severe symptoms than children.

Shingles

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Shingles is a disease caused by reactivation of the chickenpox virus. It causes a painful blistering rash. It can cause severe nerve pain that can last for months and can also lead to serious eye problems (including blindness), pneumonia, hearing problems, swelling of the brain and death.

Mumps

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Mumps is a viral contagious disease that primarily affects the salivary glands, recognisable by the painful swellings in the side of the face. Complications can include swelling of the testicles or ovaries, deafness, miscarriage, inflammation of the brain and rarely death. It has no treatment – most people get better on their own.

Chickenpox

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Chickenpox (also called varicella) causes an itchy, blistering skin rash and mild fever. It is usually a mild disease that lasts for a short time in healthy children, but it can be more severe in adults.

Typhoid

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Typhoid fever is a highly contagious bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body, affecting many organs. Without prompt treatment, it can cause serious complications and can be fatal.

Tetanus

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Tetanus (also known as lockjaw) is a life-threatening bacterial infection that causes severe muscle spasms. Around 1 in 10 people who get the disease will die from it. Tetanus can affect people of all ages and can be prevented by vaccination.

Rubella

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Rubella (German measles) is a rare and contagious disease that causes fever and a spotty rash. It usually gets better in about 1 week. Rubella can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected while she is pregnant.

Pneumococcal diseases

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Pneumococcal disease is a name for any infection caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus. Pneumococcus is the most common cause of bloodstream infections, pneumonia, meningitis, and middle ear infections in young children.